When to seek help

Whilst no two children are the same and they all develop at different rates, there is a typical range and pattern for this development. Some of the common challenges your child may be having are:

Having trouble with their fine motor skills

  • Difficulty establishing correct pencil grip
  • Challenges using cutlery, scissors or inhand tools
  • Struggles with buttons, zips or fastening
  • Manipulating toys & puzzles
  • Avoids fine motor play or tabletop work

Having trouble with their gross motor skills

  • Poor coordination of arm or legmovements
  • May fall over / trip more often than peers
  • Struggles to maintain upright sitting posture at table
  • Fatigues easily
  • Bumps into things or people often
  • Not developing a dominant handside
  • Avoids PE type games / ball games / hopping / star jumps
  • May fear swings or slide

Difficulty with oral motor skills or eating

  • Avoiding or refusing certain foods/ textures
  • Excessive drool
  • ‘Messy’ eating
  • Overstuffs mouth / food left in the mouth
  • Slow or inefficient chewing
  • Food falling from the mouth

Challenges with sensory processing and making sense of the information received through their senses

  • Over responsive or heightened reaction to sound, movement,touchor taste
  • Under responsive to certain sensations, often misses information or doesn’t notice, can have ahigh pain toleranceor poor sense of danger, doesn’t notice cuts/bruises
  • Seeks out sensations. Constantly moving, jumping, touching, crashing or bumping
  • Easily distracted by visual or auditory stimuli
  • Difficulty with interoceptive sensesstruggles to toilet train, doesn’t notice when too hot/too cold
  • Struggles to regulate emotions through various sensation experiences

Difficulty with social interactions

  • Talking playing looking and engaging with other people
  • Able to listen, and respond appropriately to others
  • Being flexible, a team player
  • Able to problem solve or move on

Having trouble playing with others

  • Not developing beyond parallel play
  • Doesn’t initiate play, or struggles to expand play ideas
  • Repetitive in play, inflexible
  • Avoids sharing toys, struggles with turn taking

Having trouble recognising their emotions

  • Emotionally reactiveshow their feelings in behaviour
  • Difficulty copingwith change
  • Inability to calm self when upset
  • Often results in challenging behaviours
  • Difficulty using language to describe emotions or problems
  • Poor resilience or problem solving skills

Learning challenges

  • Unable to concentrate or easily distracted
  • Difficulty following instructions
  • Tires easily
  • Not keeping up with schoolwork or difficulty learning new tasks
  • Makes letter or number reversals
  • Tries to avoid handwriting / homework

Having trouble processing visual information

  • Problems recognising letters andnumbers
  • Difficulty with spacing and sizing of letters, and writing on the lines
  • Difficulty copying shapesletters and numbers
  • Difficulty finding objects
  • Missing words often when reading
  • Slow with reading compared to peers
  • Slow with copying from the white board

Challenges with early development or toileting, delays meeting early motor milestones

  • Not meeting early motor milestones within typical age range
  • Fussy or reactive to sensations
  • Fearful or avoidant of typical play
  • Has trouble eating, sleeping or using the toilet

Learn more about developmental milestones

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(02) 8040 0876

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18-20 Orion Road
Lane Cove, Sydney, NSW 2066